About Nepal


coat of arms

coat of arms

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल
Sanghiya Lokatantrika Gaṇatantra Nepal

Motto: जननी जन्मभूमिश्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी
"Mother and Motherland are Greater Than Heaven"

Anthem: सयौँ थुँगा फूलका
"Made of Hundreds of Flowers"

Capital: Kathmandu( Largest City) 28°10′N 84°15′E

Demonym(s): Nepali, Nepalese, Gurkhas 

Government: Federal parliamentary republic

President: Ram Chandra Poudel

Prime Minister: Pushpa Kamal Dahal

Legislature: Federal Parliament
• Upper house: National Assembly
• Lower house: House of Representatives

Unification: Kingdom declared 25 September 1768
The state declared: 15 January 2007
Republic declared: 28, May 2008

• Total: 147,516 km2 (56,956 sq mi) (93rd)
• Water (%): 2.8%

• 2022 estimate: 30,666,598
• Density: 180/km2 (466.2/sq mi)

GDP (PPP): 2022 estimate
• Total: Increase $141.1 billion
• Per capita: Increase $4,677

GDP (nominal): 2022 estimate
• Total: Increase by $39 billion
• Per capita: Increase $1,293

Currency: Nepalese rupee (Rs, रू) (NPR)

Time zone: UTC+05:45 (Nepal Standard Time)

Driving side: Left

Calling code: +977

ISO 3166 code: NP

Internet TLD: .np

Nepal is located in South Central Asia. Its shape is roughly rectangular about 885 km long and about 145-241 km wide and comprises a total of 147,516 sq. km of land. It is bound by China to the North and India to the East, west and South. Geographic coordinates is 28 N latitude 84 E longitude. It is a land-locked Beautiful country. Nepal is rich in heritage & culture. The country is divided into three broad physiographic regions.

The High Mountains of the main Himalayan range which included Highest peak of the world called Mt. Everest, Middle Hilly Ranges and Lowland the Tarain, which is narrow flat belt of alluvial land the extends along with southern boarder with India. the principal rivers are the Koshi, Karnali, Narayani, Gandaki etc. Nepal is slightly larger than Bangaladesh and the state of Arkansas. Major cities are Kathmandu (Capital of Nepal), Lalitpur, Bhaktapur in the Kathmandu Valley. Others cities are Jhapa, Biratnagar, Saptari, Janakpur, Birgunj, Narayangadh, Pokhara, Butwal, Bhairahawa, Nepalganj, Tulsipur , Kailali, Mahendranagar etc. Land use for Agricultural cultivated 17% Forested 39% Pastures 15% and other 29%

Climate: Kathmandu – Summer 15-30oc, winter 0-16oc, Terai – Summer 21-39oc, winter 9-30oc. Rainfall (Kathmandu) – Oct-May 300mm June-Sept 1100mm.

The population of Nepal is approximately 29,136,808 .
It is divided into two broad ethnic groups. a) Indo- Nepalese and b) Tibeto-Nepalese. It’s a secular State. Includes major religions Hinduism, Buddhism, Muslim and others.
Language: Official language is Nepali although over 20 distinct languages are also spoken. English also widely understood. Time: 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time, 5 hour 45 minutes ahead of GMT.